205.04 Implications of Barium Abundances for the Chemical Enrichment of Dwarf Galaxies (Gina Duggan)

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Jun 5th at 11:42 AM until 11:56 AM

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Author(s): Gina Duggan1, Evan N Kirby1
Institution(s): 1. California Institute of Technology
There are many candidate sites of the r-process: core-collapse supernovae (including rare magnetorotational core-collapse supernovae), neutron star mergers (NSMs), and neutron star/black hole mergers. The chemical enrichment of galaxiesspecifically dwarf galaxieshelps distinguish between these sources based on the continual build-up of r-process elements. The existence of several nearby dwarf galaxies allows us to measure robust chemical abundances for galaxies with different star formation histories. Dwarf galaxies are especially useful because simple chemical evolution models can be used to determine the sources of r-process material. We have measured the r-process element barium with Keck/DEIMOS medium-resolution spectroscopy. We will present the largest sample of barium abundances (more than 200 stars) in dwarf galaxies ever assembled. We measure [Ba/Fe] as a function of [Fe/H] in this sample and compare with existing [alpha/Fe] measurements. We have found that a large contribution of barium needs to occur at timescales similar to Type Ia supernovae in order to recreate our observed abundances, namely the flat or slightly rising trend of [Ba/Fe] vs. [Fe/H]. We conclude that neutron star mergers are the main contribution of r-process enrichment in dwarf galaxies.