The Jaboticaba is a slow growing large shrub or small, bushy tree. It reaches a height of 10 - 15 feet. The evergreen, opposite leaves are lanceolate to elliptic, 1 - 4 inches in length and 1/2 - 3/4 inch wide. In color they are a glossy dark green with a leathery texture.
The size, shape and texture varies somewhat from one species to another. The small yellow-white flowers dramatically emerge from the multiple trunks, limbs and large branches in groups of four. Jaboticaba fruit is grape-like in appearance and texture but with a thicker, tougher skin. Most fruit is dark purple to almost black in color.