Author(s): , , , ,
Institution(s): 1. Graduate Institute of Astronomy, 2. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory
Hundreds of thousands star clusters were suggested to exist in the Galactic disk, but so far only a few thousands had been catalogued, all in the solar neighborhood (less than 2 kpc). We therefore aim to use Pan-STARRS1 3π data with its wide-field sky and sensitive camera to search for and to characterize star clusters. We used a star-counting algorithm to identify stellar density enhancements toward the Galactic anti-center. The detection rate of known star clusters in this region with radii less than 10' from the algorithm used was approximately 83%. In the field of 400 square degrees, we identified 491 stellar cluster candidates, 50 of which were matched with known star cluster catalog. The remaining 441 candidates were characterized with radius, reddening, distance, age, and lowest mass members, along with PPMXL proper motions and 2MASS and Pan-STARRS1 multi-band photometry. The revised star cluster sample was estimated to be complete up to a heliocentric distance of 5 kpc toward the Galactic anti-center. Moreover, this sample allowed us to estimate the separation between Sagittarius and Perseus arms was about 3.2 kpc with 0.2 kpc uncertainty and the widths of the nearby spiral arms---Sagittarius, Orion, and Perseus---with the full-width-half-maximum to be 1.4±0.1, 1.6±0.1, and 3.3±0.2 kpc, respectively.