DA.1.04 — Hubble Space Telescope Fine Guidance Sensor Interferometric Parallaxes; How, Why, and What

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Aug 7th at 11:15 AM until 11:35 AM

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Author(s): George Frederick Benedict1, Barbara E McArthur1

Institution(s): 1. University of Texas

Over the past sixteen years the Fine Guidance Sensors on Hubble Space Telescope have produced astrometric measures with which to derive over 60 high-precision absolute parallaxes. Targets included the usual suspects (Cepheids and RR Lyr stars) as well as planetary nebulae central stars, dwarf novae, members of the Pleiades and Hyades clusters, M dwarf binaries, and exoplanet host stars. We briefly outline our techniques and summarize our results with four graphs: a Cepheid Leavitt Law, an RR Lyr K-band Period-Luminosity relation, an M dwarf Mass-Luminosity relation, and an MK vs (J-K)0 HR diagram constructed entirely with Hubble Space Telescope parallaxes. The median parallax error for 64 objects was 0.2 milliseconds of arc, or 2.6%.
The future of Hubble Space Telescope astrometry likely lies with WFC spatial scanning. The far future of space astrometry lies with Gaia.
FGS astrometry succeeded thanks to contributions over the years from L. Abramowicz-Reed, A. Bradley, R. Duncombe, O. Franz, L. Fredrick, P. Hemenway, T. Harrison, T. Henry, W. Jefferys, E. Nelan, P. Shelus, D. Story, W. van Altena, L. Wasserman, and A. Whipple.